At the beginning of each month, I am going to start posting 5-10 articles I’ve reviewed and believe to be important for clinicians, coaches, parents, etc.
I’ll likely focus these articles on sports-related concussion, ACL injury, adolescent athletes, and biomechanics. Enjoy!
in a General Population (McPherson et al., 2020)
Summary: While there have been previous lower extremity injury surveillance datasets conducted in a variety of athletes post-concussion, this article was the first to demonstrate a specific relationship between concussion and ACL injury. Those with a concussion history in the previous 3 years were 1.6x more likely to sustain and ACL injury compared to controls. About half of the total cases examined in this study were due to sport.
Summary: Injury prediction is the holy grail of sports science. This article provides a nice overview of why current injury prediction methods are flawed (namely due to cross-sectional nature of screening) and provides opportunities to improve our models.
Summary: This article reviews biomechanical and physiological adaptations that occur after ACL injury and offers integrated strategies to restore motor control post-ACLR. Commentary is provided through perspectives including neuroscience, biomechanics, motor control/learning, and psychology.
Summary: One of the first articles to demonstrate the influence of neurocognition on musculoskeletal injury. Collegiate athletes who sustained a noncontact ACL injury performed worse on assessments of reaction time, working memory, and processing speed compared to matched controls.
Summary: This paper offers possible neuromuscular explanations for increased risk of musculoskeletal injury after concussion. Neuromuscular control post-concussion may be better understood by utilizing dynamic tasks during clinical rehabilitation, including gait and/or sport-specific scenarios.